Autism is a spectrum disorder, and though no two individuals have the same autistic characteristics Despite these often vast differences, autism does show many common traits. These are described in this chapter. Please follow the navigation buttons below.
Language and Communications
- Abnormal use of pitch, intonation, rhythm or stress while speaking.
- Speech is abnormally loud or quiet.
- Difficulty whispering.
- Repeats last words or phrases several times. Makes verbal sounds while listening (echolalia).
- Often uses short, incomplete sentences.
- Pronouns are often inappropriately used.
- May have a very high vocabulary.
- Uses a person’s name excessively when speaking to them (“Bob, we are having lunch. Right, Bob?”).
- Repeats someone’s name, often adding a musical tone (“Bob, Ba, Ba, Ba, Bob, Bob, Bob, Ba, Bob”).
- Speech started very early and then stopped for a period of time.
- Difficulty understanding directional terms (front, back, before, after).
- Cursing when angry (some have Tourette Syndrome and repeat ‘bad’ words uncontrollably).