Autism is a spectrum disorder, and though no two individuals have the same autistic characteristics Despite these often vast differences, autism does show many common traits. These are described in this chapter. Please follow the navigation buttons below.
- Sensitivity or lack of sensitivity to sounds, textures (touch), tastes, smells or light.
- Difficulty with loud or sudden sounds.
- Unusually high or low pain tolerance.
- Intolerance to certain food textures, colors or the way they are presented on the plate (one food can’t touch another).
- Inappropriate touching of self in public situations.
- Desires comfort items (blankets, teddy, rock, string, pet dog or cat).
- Laughs, cries or throws a tantrum for no apparent reason.
- Resists change in the environment (people, places, objects).
- An emotional incident can determine the mood for the day – emotions can pass very suddenly or are drawn out for a long period of time.
- Becomes overwhelmed with too much verbal direction.
- Tends to either tune out or break down when being reprimanded.
- Calmed by external stimulation – soothing sound, brushing, rotating object, constant pressure (hammock, rolled in a blanket).
- May need to be left alone to release tension and frustration.