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Get the Facts About Autism

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) comprise a range of complex neurological disorders that impair social, communicative, and cognitive functions in a range of affect, commonly called ‘the spectrum’. While science and medicine have yet to find a thorough understanding of ASD and potential treatment methodologies, it is basically understood to be difficult to establish definitive facts.
Autism Citizen works to teach those in business, government, and both the legal and medical professions about ASD; our paramount goal is to spread awareness of ASD. Autism Citizen works to disseminate information and provide education concerning autism to a wide range of people, from employees to doctors, lawyers, judges and corporate executives. Here we present some basic facts to highlight the most critical information about ASD.

Defining Autism

  • Autism is a generic term for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) which are genetic neurological disorders. Those with ASD have severely impaired social, communicative and cognitive functions. Autism has been part of human history since the dawn of mankind.
  • Individuals with ASD suffer from cognitive impairments, though some have typical or above average IQs.
  • Typical ASD behaviors include stereotyped actions (hand flapping, body rocking), insistence on sameness, resistance to change and, in some cases, aggression or self-injury. A very high percentage of those with ASD threaten to, and do commit suicide.
  • Approximately 30- to 50-percent of people with autism experience seizures. These seizures may be prompted by visual, audio or other stimuli. A witness on the stand in court, for example, may experience a seizure brought on by fast-paced questioning.
  • Autism was originally believed to be a form of schizophrenia brought on by a traumatic experience or bad parenting. This is not the case. Persons with autism were, for many centuries, institutionalized under horrific conditions; that is no longer the case, with only the most severe cases requiring institutional care.

Autism Prevalence

  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network determined in 2016 that approximately 1 in 59 children (1 in 37 for boys, and 1 in 151 for girls) is diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder in the United States.
  • We estimate there are between 39 Million and 60 Million citizens with autism living in the United States at present. This estimate is based on the progressive growth of the disorder over the past 50 years.
  • In New Jersey, where Autism Citizen is based, the prevalence rate is 1 in 45 (1 in 28 boys). This is one of the highest in the Nation and may be reflective of vastly improved and extensive student testing.

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